These analyzed cases involve three participatory monitoring initiatives with digital technological mediation with an interface between the movement Movimento Pacto Estudantil pela Educação Pará (MPEPEP), the CGU-Pará, the OSB Belém and the CG-DF.
In this context, Martano (et. al., 2017, p. 02) state that Monitorando a Cidade allows for “a collective process that aims to discuss critical issues, obtain information to better understand them, and dialogue with local actors to develop solutions”. For this purpose, the following process is considered: 1) discussion of challenges, 2) selection of priorities, 3) definition of indicators and 4) collection and analysis of data.
For the aforementioned authors, the actors of the initiatives of the monitoring and evaluation of school meals campaign assume a central role in organizing the participatory monitoring campaigns, whether carrying out the development of the questionnaire, training data collectors and publicizing the survey, collecting and sending data on public policy and services or advocacy, making use of data and information to activate participatory and dialogical evaluation relationships, as well as seeking to act and influence the solution of alternatives to solve the problems identified in the campaigns and that affect the efficiency and effectiveness of the Programa Nacional de Alimentação Escolar – PNAE (National School Feeding Program) in meeting the food needs of students.
The preliminary results of the research, according to Santos and Craveiro (2020) and Villi (2018), demonstrate that each interface of accountability mechanisms presented different types of conformation of models and institutional arrangements for monitoring and evaluating the PNAE. And that despite the common use of technological mediation in all initiatives, the socio-political context contributes to obtaining different results according to the socio-state and societal relations established, from each type of articulation constituted as the first experience of participatory societal monitoring - vertical held in Santarém - Pará, in 2016 involving 12 public schools, in the context of the project "Égua da Merenda, João!", and took place with the technological mediation of the Monitorando a Cidade platform, used mainly by students, which involved the formation of a participatory monitoring arrangement with the role of various actors and organizations such as: Observatório Social de Belém - OSB (Belém Social Observatory) - as Civil Society Organization - , Movimento Estudantil Pacto Pela Educação Pará (MPEPEP), the SOL Project, the Public Ministry (MARTANO, et al., 2017, p. 14), and the involvement of the Regional Comptroller of Pará (CGU-Pará) (VILLI, 2018, p. 105).
Thus, it was found that, in the initiative of Santarém - PA, there was a change in the provision of meals with the guarantee of its regularity, decreased the occurrence of lack of school meals and there was an improvement in its quality. Collaborative action took place in solving common problems. The technological mediation of participatory monitoring provided agility, timeliness in the production and dissemination of data and information to support a more effective decision-making. There was a change in behavior in the way of managing public policies, promotion of meal tasting actions, staff training, transparency in the bidding processes for school meals, and promotion of citizenship actions (SANTOS and CRAVEIRO, 2020, p. 15).